Medical Terms

  • autosomal dominant - requires only one affected parent to have the trait to pass it to offspring.
  • autosomal recessive - mutation carried on an autosome that is deleterious only in homozygotes.
  • phlebotomy - to puncture a vein for the purpose of withdrawing blood.
  • protein - the principal constituent of the protoplasm of all cells, are of high molecular weight and consisting essentially of combinations of amino acids in peptide linkages.

Abbreviations

  • DIC - Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation - complication of septic shock in which endotoxin (from gram-negative bacteria) induces systemic clotting of the blood
  • DVT - Deep Vein Thrombosis - blood clotting in the veins of the inner thigh or leg
  • FVL - Factor V Leiden, the commonest hereditary condition that can cause thrombosis
  • LMWH - Low Molecular Weight Heparin, e.g. Lovenox or Fragmin
  • PCD - Protein C Deficiency, a rare condition that can cause thrombosis
  • PE - Pulmonary Embolism - blood clot in the pulmonary artery of the lung
  • PSD - Protein S Deficiency, a rare condition that can cause thrombosis
    or
    PSD - Prevention of Significant Deterioration. Under the Clean Air act, a planning and management process for air quality when a new source of air pollution is proposed in an area where ambient air quality is better than applicable standards (areas of special importance).
  • TIA - Transient Ischaemic Attack - a temporary paralysis, numbness, speech difficulty or other neurologic symptom that starts suddenly and recovers within 24 hours (typically resolves over several hours).

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